Knossos, the Minoan Palace, is probably the most famous archaeological site of Crete and is located 5 km southeast of Heraklion. Knossos was the seat of the legendary king Minos and the main center of power in Crete. The first palace was built around 1700 BC. It was rebuilt and destroyed again by fire in 1350 BC. Due to its construction, the luxury of materials and the pioneering techniques, Knossos palace is the monumental symbol of the Minoan civilization.
The majority of the Minoan artifacts are hosted in the Heraklion Archaelogical Museum that is the largest museum of Crete and one of the most important museums of Greece.
The venetian fortress of Koules the dominant building in the entrance of the Venetian harbor of Heraklion. Although today it is known by its Turkish name, Koules, the Venetians used to called it “Sea Fortress”. Koules is ideal for a walk since the visitors can gaze at the Sea of Crete and get a glimpse of the Venetian glory.